Susana Martinez-Conde is a professor of ophthalmology, neurology, physiology, and pharmacology at the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, where she directs the Laboratory of Integrative Neuroscience. She directed laboratories previously at the Barrow Neurological Institute and University College London. Her research bridges perceptual, cognitive, and oculomotor neuroscience. She is best known for her studies on illusions, eye movements and perception, neurological disorders, and attentional misdirection in stage magic. Martinez-Conde created the Best Illusion of the Year Contest in 2005 and writes the Illusions column for Scientific American Mind.