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Michael W. Richardson

Michael W. Richardson is the former Sr. Content Production Associate for BrainFacts.org. He is a writer and editor based in Brooklyn, New York, covering topics ranging from the brain and behavior to the environment.

Articles by Michael W. Richardson

Goosebumps are part of your body’s reaction to danger. But they can also be caused by great music. Those two experiences are more similar than you might think.
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Smelling salts, an old remedy for fainting, are now used by some athletes to trigger alertness. Neurologist Erin Manning explains how they work.
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An icy-cool summer delight like ice cream can quickly turn into pure pain, thanks to brain freeze. But why does this happen?
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Oligodendrocytes keep electrical signals in the brain and spinal cord strong.
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CRISPR makes altering DNA easier than ever before. Is it the future of genetics?
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In the human retina, low-light-sensitive rods outnumber color-sensing cones by about twenty to one.
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The six layers of cells comprising the cerebral cortex are responsible for some of the most complex functions in the brain.
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Special sensory organs allow fish to detect the slightest vibrations in the water around them.
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Bundles of extra-long axons transmit signals from eyes to brain.
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Neurons and muscles communicate at specialized nodes called neuromuscular junctions.
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Neuroscientist Denise Bellinger explains vagus nerve stimulation, its history as a medical treatment, and whether commercial VNS devices are effective and safe.
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Finding the genes responsible for Parkinson’s disease could give scientists a leg up in developing future treatments.
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