Diseases and Disorders

Photograph of student looking bored
Men with ADHD are often diagnosed in their childhood, but for girls a diagnosis may not occur until well into adulthood.
  • BrainFacts/SfN
Your selections: Diseases and Disorders
What do standing frustrated in a supermarket checkout line or sitting in a traffic jam have in common with fleeing predators, as was done in the early days of human beings?
  • BrainFacts/SfN
Although legal, alcohol is addictive. Together, alcohol abuse and alcohol addiction — sometimes referred to as alcoholism or alcohol dependence — are among the nation's major health problems.
  • BrainFacts/SfN
Despite definitive proof that smoking can be fatal, nicotine still is one of the most widely abused substances. In fact, tobacco kills more than 440,000 U.S. citizens each year — more than alcohol, cocaine, heroin, homicide, suicide, car accidents, and HIV combined.
  • BrainFacts/SfN
Networks of spinal neurons also participate in controlling the alternating action of the legs during normal walking, maintaining posture, and, to a large degree, in all movements.
  • BrainFacts/SfN
Learn about the science underlying the effects of alcohol on human biology and behavior in this interactive teaching unit from the National Institutes of Health.
  • National Institutes of Health
This Web resource highlights the valuable role that animals play in biomedical research. The anatomy of the reward pathways in the human brain and the rat brain are compared to emphasize their similarities.
  • University of Utah
A detailed booklet of symptoms, causes, and treatments for schizophrenia, along with information on how to help and cope.
  • National Institute of Mental Health
Teaching packets for teachers, aimed at secondary school students. Learn how the brain's reward center works, and what happens in the brain when a person uses cocaine, opiates (heroine), or marijuana.
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse
In this lesson by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, students learn how alcohol affects different parts of the brain, which in turn affects behavior.
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
The National Institute on Drug Abuse created this website to educate 11 to 15 year-olds — as well as their parents and teachers — on the science behind drug abuse.
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse
This web-resource by the University of Utah considers the effects of genetics, environment, and behavior in an attempt to unravel the complexities of the addicted brain.
  • University of Utah
This online book introduces neuroscience chapter by chapter. Available online and in several languages, the book covers basic topics such as neurons, chemical neurotransmission, and vision, as well as the immune system, dyslexia, stress, and neuroethics.
  • International Brain Research Organization

3D Brain

An interactive brain map that you can rotate in a three-dimensional space.